Law is a career that requires good training in legal procedures and one should be familiar and aware of all the laws that have been laid down by the constitution. It is one of the most respected and popular career choices in any country. Lawyers deal with legal issues that could be disputes of property, marriages, criminal offenses, divorce, human rights, etc. It gives a decent amount of income but also requires a lot of hard work to achieve various milestones because the career in law is not only limited to the courthouse but also judicial firms, law firms, administrative firms, and corporate houses. To become a lawyer, good communication skills and a faculty for critical analysis and articulation are required. There are so many career options in law to choose but everything takes hard work, therefore one should consider all these points in mind before opting for the law as a career.
Eligibility criteria to become a lawyer
To become a lawyer the candidate must have a 3 years degree in LLB or a 5 years LLB degree, candidates who do not have these degrees and are having diploma certificates are not eligible to be lawyers. If the student is having an LLM degree, he/she is eligible to become a lawyer. These courses are present in various government as well as private colleges in India or throughout the world.
Along with these requirements, the candidate must possess the following skills: Good listener, Analytical skills, Critical thinking, problem-solving, Time-management, Good knowledge of legal terms and concepts
Law preparation and entrance exams
The most common exam for the aspirants to become lawyers is the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). National Law University (NLU) conducts it every year for the rising aspirants in the field of law and they get admission for Bachelor of Law (LLB) five-year integrated law programs including BA LLB, B. Com LLB, and B. Sc LLB. They can also go for an LLB after graduation, which is a traditional 3 yearlong degree and can be pursued after any Bachelor’s degree. Students if desire, can also perform for law exam after 11th or 12th standard with proper preparation.
Most of the national college of law offers over 50 subjects over a span of 5 years, and a student must clear all of them to get their degree on time, therefore, it is not an easy road to clear. Along with the academic preparation, the student must consider doing some co-curricular activities such as court competitions, debating, legal aid, journal work, working for the in-house law societies such as constitutional law society, international law society, etc. these can help them in getting their scholarships or fellowships
Roles and responsibility of a lawyer or advocate
Lawyers play a vital role in the preservation of our society. The accomplishment of this role requires a good understanding by lawyers of their relationship to our legal system. When the Rules of Professional Conduct are properly applied, they serve to define that relationship.
The general responsibilities of the lawyer are that:
- To take up the legal cases of clients and represent them in court.
- Should put forward all the facts on the behalf of clients
- Should present the facts verbally and also in writing in front of the clients, opponent, and the judge
- Must conduct all the analysis and research of legal problems with clear and true intentions
The lawyer may perform various other functions such as an advisor, a lawyer can provide a client with an understanding of his/her legal rights and obligations and explains their practical implications. As a negotiator, a lawyer can help the client to get the desired benefits but by honestly dealing with others and as an intermediary between clients, a lawyer helps in coming to a single point of adjustment between them.